Knitting vs Weaving
Knitting is the process with wherein thread or sometimes yarn is made into cloth and other crafts. It consists of stitches, or loops of the material consecutively run together. Weaving, on the other hand, is the process in which two types of yarns or threads are interlaced together to form a fabric or cloth. The two types of threads run in different directions, with the warp threads running lengthwise, and the weft threads running crosswise or has a horizontal direction.
In knitting, the yarn follows a course, or a path, forming well-proportioned loops over and under the yarn’s path. These oblique loops can be elongated easily from most directions. This ability gives the end fabric more elasticity. In weaving, the threads are always straight and perpendicular to each other. They tend to run side by side.
The end fabric usually can stretch into only one direction (except in fabrics like spandex), which means less elasticity compared to fabrics formed from knitting. The thread used in knitting is thicker than those used in weaving; meaning knitted fabrics are usually bulkier, while those formed from weaving have more drape and flow resulting from finer threads used. In knitting, as each row is done, new loops are pulled through the existing loop. Stitches that are active are held by a needle till a new loop passes through them.
There are also different kinds of yarns and needles that can be used and they result to products with various color, texture, weight, and integrity. The loom – a device that holds the warp threads in place while the filling threads are woven through them – is the main equipment used in weaving.
In weaving the two sets of threads are basically woven by interlacing them at right angles to each other. Weaving can also be done by hand or machine. The variety of woven products is also largely dependent on the thread colors and the sequence of the raising and lowering of warp threads that can result to different patterns. Both knitted and woven products have recently reached new heights in design and patterns with the advent of more complex but easily used computerized machines.
Hand-knitting has become in and out of fashion several times since then, but still from time to time, many people pick it up as a hobby as they find it fascinating, thus, follow the trend. Some types of knitting practiced by manual knitters are flat knitting, circular knitting, and felting.
Compared to knitting, weaving seems to be a much older craft, as some indications have been found that it has existed since the Paleolithic era. The bible also points out several instances where weaving was being practiced mostly by Egyptians. Unfortunately in the modern world, hand weaving is almost already non-existent, as fabrics are mostly designed and created in factories. Some examples of weave structures are the plain, twill, and satin weaves. But with computer generated interlacing, numerous other weave structures are now available. These are modern times.
Moreover, knitting can be done individually or with a group as a hobby, and it has also become a social activity. Its popularity has given birth to different knitting clubs formed by knitting enthusiasts, who, not only knit together, but share patterns, designs, and newly finished products. Weaving is still recognized as a popular craft for others, but due to its complexity, most processes for clothing fabrics are done in factories with machines that make the procedure much faster and easier. With that said, do not expect to see weaving clubs composed of housewives getting together to share weaving patterns like they do in knitting clubs.
- Rows of stitches in knitting are looped parallel to each other, weaving involves threads interlaced perpendicularly.
- Knitted products are more elastic and bulkier. Woven products have more flow and much thinner.
- Knitting requires smaller materials, like knitting needles. Weaving involves a bigger and heavier piece of equipment the loom.
- Knitting is more practiced as a hobby and a social activity than weaving.