Nicknamed, “The Door to Hell” Darvaza Crater in Turkmenistan has captured the attention of many due to its 225 foot wide and 98 foot deep fire hole. You can find the “entrance to hell” in the middle of the Karakum Desert which takes up 70% of Turkmenistan.
Its name means Black Sand in Turkic languages. It occupies about 70 percent, or 350,000 km², of the area of Turkmenistan.
No one is sure how the crater was formed, only that it has been burning since 1971. According to a few, Soviet geologists that were drilling in search for natural gas, created a massive burning hole.
Turkmenistan maintains the world’s fourth largest reserve of natural gas.
Located 168 miles from Ashgabat, the country’s capital.
The team accidentally drilled into a cavern, and that is what created the massive sinkhole. Because they were worried that this gas would be poisonous, the geologists decided to light it on fire so it would burn out faster.
40 years burning
The pungent smell of burning sulfur pervades the area for some distance.