Difference Between Science and Philosophy

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    Science vs Philosophy

    The distinction between philosophy and science is very slim, but there are distinctions nonetheless. Many people assume that science and philosophy are contradictory concepts to each other, but both subjects share a more positive relationship rather than an animosity.

    Science can be defined as a study and understanding of natural phenomena. It is concerned with empirical data, meaning data that can be observed, tested, and repeated. It is systematic in nature, and there is a specific course of action used called the scientific method. Science bases its explanation on the results of experiments, objective evidence, and observable facts.

    Science came from the Latin word “scientia,” meaning “knowledge.”
    There are many branches or fields of science. These branches can be classified under various headings: pure and applied sciences, physical and life sciences, Earth and space sciences. Also included in these classifications are exact and descriptive science.

    Science started out as a part of philosophy. It was then called natural philosophy, but science emerged and deviated from philosophy in the 17th century as a separate study or domain.
    Science involves objective types of questions. As a study, it tries to find answers and prove them to be objective fact or truth. In its method, the experiment creates certain hypotheses which can be proven or validated as fact. In the same manner, hypotheses can also be wrong or falsified. By observing and undertaking the experiment, science produces knowledge by observation. Science’s main purpose is to extract the objective truth out of existing or naturally occurring ideas.

    Science’s “predecessor,” philosophy, is a more difficult concept to define. It is broadly defined as an activity that uses reason to explore issues in many areas. Its application to many different fields makes it impossible to have a definite and concrete definition.
    Philosophy tries to study and understand the fundamental nature of two things: the existence of man and the relationship between the man and existence. It also has branches: metaphysics, logic, politics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and specific philosophy in the fields like the philosophy of language, history, the mind, religion, and others. Philosophy comes from the Greek word “philosophia” which translates as “love of wisdom.”

    Philosophy is based on reason. Its methods use logical argumentation. Philosophy uses arguments of principles as basis for its explanation.
    Philosophy entertains both subjective and objective type of questions. It means that aside from finding answers, it also resolves to generate questions. It raises question and processes before finding out the answers. . Philosophy is mostly involved with thinking and to create knowledge.


    1.Philosophy and science are two studies and domains. Philosophy came first and became the basis for science, formerly known as natural philosophy. Both studies have many branches or fields of study and makes use reasoning, questioning and analysis. The main difference is how they work and treat knowledge.
    2.Science is concerned with the natural phenomena while philosophy attempts to understand the nature of man, existence and the relationship that exists between the two concepts.
    3.Science came from a Latin word (scientia), meanwhile, philosophy traces back to a Greek word (philosophia).
    4.Another common element between the two studies is that they try to explain situations and find answers. Philosophy does this by using logical argumentation while science uses empirical data. Philosophy’s explanations are grounded in arguments of principles while science tries to explain from experiment results, observable facts and objective evidence.
    5.Science is used for instances that require empirical validation while philosophy is used for situations where measurements and observations cannot be applied. Science also takes answers and proves them as objective right or wrong.
    6.Subjective and objective questions are involved in philosophy while only some of objective questions can be related in science. Philosophy also involves generating questions aside from finding answers. Meanwhile, while science is only involved in the latter activity.
    7.Philosophy creates knowledge by thinking. On the other hand, science does the same thing by observing.
    8.Science is also a defined study, in contrast to philosophy which can be applied to many and extensive areas of discipline.

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