Inductive vs Deductive Language Teaching and Learning
Inductive and deductive language teaching and learning are very important in education. The main concepts are inductive and deductive teaching and learning. Inductive and deductive teaching and learning are two methods of doing these activities.
Inductive and deductive are two distinct and opposing instructional and learning methods or approaches. Both require the presence of a teacher/instructor or a student/learner. The biggest differences between the two methods are the focus and flow of information as well as the roles of the teacher and student in each method.
Inductive teaching and learning means that the flow of information is from specific to general. In terms of teaching, the lesson is started with activities or experiments. It is more focused on the students and their capacities and abilities rather than on the teacher.
The advantages of inductive teaching and learning include the following: knowledge is acquired naturally by exposure, new knowledge is given, encourage the student’s thinking skills, prior knowledge, intelligence, and mental focus. It also measures how a student makes connections based on the information presented.
Since inductive teaching and learning involves the student’s perceptive, there is less struggle to learn the concept. Concepts under this method can be personalized, easily remembered, and understood. The method is a method of discovery and can be demanding of a student’s imagination and creativity as well as time consuming. This method is perfect for a small number or group of students with a competent and experienced teacher who knows how to make adjustments during the lesson.
The counterpart of inductive teaching and learning is deductive. In this method, the role of the teacher is prominent as he/she is the person who gives and disseminates all information. The flow of information in this method is from general to specific. The deductive method is the traditional method of teaching and learning. Knowledge is taken from a general reference or source; then the information is readily made available.
The usual flow of information begins with the concept’s introduction and presentation followed by activities. Information is based on facts, statements, and pre-determined logic. The method is easy to apply, leaves little room for mistakes, and information is valid. There is also a clear and defined scope and requires little preparation for the teacher.
However, deductive also has its disadvantages which include a very structural and predictable flow. This method also leaves little interaction. It is most effective for large numbers of students. In terms of application in language, both methods are applied in different language modes, concepts, and instances. For example, the inductive method is applied in developing a story or work. On the other hand, the deductive method can be useful in explaining a literary work.
1.Deductive and inductive methods of teaching and learning are different from each other in many aspects.
2.One of the main differences is the flow of information and the involved person. In inductive, the flow of information is from specific to general, and it is more focused on the student. 3.On the other hand, the deductive method’s information flow moves from general to specific and is more involved with the teacher.
4.To illustrate in an application, the deductive method introduces the concept and its process before applying it in a test or activity. Meanwhile, in the inductive method, the activity or test is introduced first before a discussion of the concept.
5.The deductive method is used in a large classroom setting while the inductive method is effective when used on small groups or numbers of students.
6.The deductive method is traditional, structured, and predictable while the inductive method is personalized and the concepts are easily remembered and understood.
7.The deductive method is a method of verification and comes from a source while the inductive method is an approach of discovery and relies on a student’s perspective or understanding of a concept.