Difference Between Orthodox and Reform Judaism

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    Orthodox vs Reform Judaism

    Judaism is a religion that is followed by the Jewish people. Judaism has been divided into orthodox and reform which have very distinct beliefs and features.

    One of the main areas of difference is in the interpretation of the sacred texts. Followers of Orthodox Judaism strictly believe in a Messiah, a life after death, and restoration of the Promised Land. The followers maintain an understanding of the rabbinical teachings and the sacred texts. On the other hand, followers of Reform Judaism have a conceptual approach to the rabbinical teachings and the sacred writings.

    Another difference that can be noticed between Orthodox Judaism and Reform Judaism is in the status of women. In Reform Judaism, there is no separation of men and women in worship and services. In Reform Judaism, both men and women can sit together and perform prayers. But in Orthodox Judaism, they are not allowed to sit together while praying. This is because the Orthodox Jews believe that women are not clean during menstruation. So even if women are not having a menstrual period, they are not allowed to sit together with men. Another thing is that the Orthodox Jews believe that women distract men’s focus during worship.

    In Reform Judaism, women are allowed to perform duties as rabbis, educators, and cantors. On the contrary, these roles of educators, rabbis, and cantors are restricted to men only in Orthodox Judaism. It should also be noted that Reform Judaism only has short services when compared to Orthodox Judaism.

     

    When talking about Reform Judaism, the movement started in Germany in the 19th century. The reformers wanted to carve out Judaism into a modern religion. Many doctrines that the Orthodox Judaism followers took literally were spiritualized by the followers of Reform Judaism. Unlike Orthodox Judaism, Reform Judaism viewed the Bible only as a record of Israel’s consecration to God.

    Summary:

    1.Followers of Orthodox Judaism strictly believe in a Messiah, a life after death, and restoration of the Promised Land.
    2.Followers of Reform Judaism have a conceptual approach to the rabbinical teachings and the sacred writings.
    3.In Reform Judaism, both men and women can sit together and perform prayers. But in Orthodox Judaism, men and women are not allowed to sit together while praying.
    4.In Reform Judaism, women are allowed to perform duties as rabbis, educators, and cantors. On the contrary, these roles of educators, rabbis, and cantors are restricted to men only in Orthodox Judaism.

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