Catholic vs Jewish
The major difference between Catholic and Jewish is that Catholic is a Christian denomination and Jewish, or Judaism, is a religion that came before Christianity. Both religions have their roots in Torah, or the Christian Old Testament. Both Jews and Catholics believe in the story of the creation of Adam, and that chosen people of God are called Jews. Both believe in the Messiah to come, but Jews have a different belief to Catholics. Catholics believe that Jesus Christ was the Messiah the Jews were looking for, whereas Jews believe that Messiah has yet to arrive.
Catholics acknowledge the Bible and Apostolic Tradition. They view the Bishop of Rome as the universal pastor. Christian faith is established on the base of Judaism and believes in the salvation of mankind, compared to Jewish faith which has not accepted Jesus as the Messiah until now. Jewish people, unlike Catholics, do not have a belief that Jesus Christ is the son of God, whereas Catholics pray to saints and believe in the confession of their sins.
In fact, there are also those adherents of Jesus Christ who accepted Christianity over Judaism, since they believed that the Messiah they were waiting for had arrived in the form of Jesus Christ. Catholics acknowledge the Jews all the time, and pray for them. They are also not considered to be against the Jews, since they both follow the same Old Testament.
The differences between the Judaism and Christianity religion are concepts about God, views of Jesus Christ, free will and original sin, death, heaven and hell. Jewish people believe in monotheism, whereas Catholics believe in the Trinity. For a Jewish person, Jesus Christ is a wonderful teacher, but not an incarnation of God, whereas Christianity revolves around this central theme that Jesus Christ is the Messiah and son of God. Jewish people believe in free will and the choice given to humans by birth to select good over bad, whereas Christians’ belief is that people are good or bad by birth. The Jewish believe in death and the after life, like Catholics, but their concept of hell and heaven is different.
1. Catholics believe in the Trinity, whereas Jewish people believe in the concept of one God.
2. Jewish people believe in Jesus Christ as a teacher, whereas Catholics believe that He is the son of God.
3. Catholics are not anti Jewish, and they acknowledge Judaism.
4. Jewish and Catholics are both believers of the Old Testament, or Torah.
5. Catholic and Jewish beliefs differ in concepts about free will, original sin and death, and hold different views about heaven and hell.